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What is CHIMERA?

Challenge

CHIMERA reinvents the chicken manure disposal process. Chicken manure is an organic waste, rarely perceived as a polluting agent; however, it is rich of toxic elements such as nitrogen oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3) and methane (CH4) which contaminate air, soil and groundwater.

Nowadays, chicken manure disposal is twofold: the waste is either bestowed to waste-to-energy plants or directly broadcasted on the ground. Costs related to storage, transport, disposal and/or broadcasting are high for the farmer.

CHIMERA solves all those issues related to waste management. A “ready and easy to use” solution, which works in small farms or farm districts for meat (broiler) and/or eggs production laying hen. The dimension of the plant is limited and can be installed within any sized farm.

CHIMERA’s ambition consists of transforming waste into a fertilizer, while producing energy. CHIMERA solution: from manure to flowers!

This project becomes true thanks to the EU financing of the LIFE programme, GA n. LIFE15 ENV/IT/000631, and the collaboration between Tre P Engineering Srl, Italian engineering company and project coordinator, and Renders&Renders V.O.F., Dutch farmer.

Atmospheric Pollution

Manure disposal yearly causes 25 million tons of GHGs emissions in the EU, which is equal to the emissions of 15, 4 Million passengers’ vehicles, or the yearly production of 19 coal-fired power plants.

SOIL AND GROUNDWATER POLLUTION

In terms of heavy metals released in the environment, manure disposal generates around 10.000 tons of copper, 700 tons of lead and 57.000 tons of zinc every year.

Smell emissions

The smell emissions of manure during transport and/or disposal affect the population living in the neighbourhood

CHIMERA decreases

Pollution

Chicken manure is a polluting agent and represents an inconvenient element within farms, because it needs to be stored with connected hygienic and smell issues. Moreover, it has to be transported to waste-to-energy plants for incineration, which transforms it into hazardous wastes, producing polluting fumes. Just a small part of it can be disposed on the soil in the EU, since it alters the environmental balance. CHIMERA eliminates these storage and transport issues, through the installation of a small plant working at continuous cycle within the farm.

CHIMERA fosters

Recycling

CHIMERA is a plant that transforms chicken manure into a fertilizer. The technological focus is on the burner, which allows a more efficient fumes’ treatment. The combustion by-product are ashes, The combustion by-product are ashes, which are indeed a fertilizer with competitive costs and performance, in comparison with the ones already on the market. The cycle is closed: from nature – manure – it goes back to nature – fertilizer - to be disposed on the fields, where crops for breeding are grown. The fertilizer could also be a new business opportunity for the farmer.

CHIMERA produces

Energy

The heat generated during the process can be used to produce thermal and electric energy, which make the farm self-sufficient. For instance, the thermal energy is needed to warm/cool the farm itself and, through a co-generator, it can be transformed into electric energy for lighting and operations running. CHIMERA is indeed a sustainable plant and produces clean energy.

From manure to fertilizer

Out of 10 kg of manure in input, we obtain 1kg of fertilizer in output thanks to CHIMERA.

ENERGY PRODUCTION

The heat produced is transformed into thermic and elctric energy that make the farm self-sufficient.

ZERO EMISSIONS

Fumes are treated efficiently, lowering down to zero GHGs emissions.

Zero smell emissions

Chimera plant eliminates all smell emissions to the benefit of citizens living in the surrounding of the plant

How does CHIMERA work?

Process

CHIMERA is a small size chicken manure disposal plant (7,5×2,5×3,5 m) working at continuous cycle. In eggs’ production sites, where manure is continuously produced, its management is immediate: manure is transferred through a conveyor belt into the combustion unit and processed. In broiler houses, instead, a small storage for manure has to be set, since the production is not continuous.

The technological innovation related to the burner allows a more efficient fumes treatment and a combination of the fumes’ organic elements together with the ashes’ inorganic ones.

At the end of the combustion, the ashes and the fumes’ by-product pass through two serial scrubbers and are transformed into sludge. Subsequently, the sludge passes through a centrifugal decanter that separates liquid – water – from solid – compost – ready for packaging. The compost is a fertilizer rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to be spread on land for corn and wheat production.

Made 10 the amount of manure generated in the farm, the amount of fertilizers produced by the plan will be equal to 1, with relevant savings in terms of volumes too.

The heat produced during the combustion process is conveyed through dedicated pipes into sheds used for breeding and, in part, transformed into electric energy to support the farm’s daily operations.

Finally yet importantly, the water obtained from manure, which is an extremely humid substance, is completely reused to hydrate ashes and break down the pollutants contained in the fumes.

The first two prototypes have been installed in the Marche region, in Italy, while the real scale pilot plan will be built in the Noord-Brabant region, in Netherlands.

Who does what?

Team

Tre P Engineering, located in Chiaravalle, Marche Region, Italy, is an engineering company providing technical services and products in the industrial/domestic appliances and renewables energy’s’ sectors and one of its core competences lays in the combustion processes. In 2010, a farmer asked them to develop a new burner for methane gas. That is how Tre P entered in contact with chicken manure disposal issues for the first time. After thoroughly analyzing the matter and creating a customized solution, the company has decided to submit a proposal answering to the LIFE program call. That is how CHIMERA started!

To validate the technology it has been necessary to concretely cooperate with a farmer that makes expertise, location and manure available, in order to build up the real scale pilot plant. After getting in touch with a Dutch broiler farm with more than 200.000 heads within 8.100 square meters – Renders&Renders – the perfect partnership has been sealed.

Michele
Marcantoni

PhD in Mechanical Engineering

He founds the Tre P Engineering Company in 2002 as spin-off of the Polytechnic University of the Marche Region. He is the Project Manager of CHIMERA, supervises all activities and gives his essential contribution to the development of the plant. Even if “work addicted”, Michele adores to fly and spend time with friends around some good food and few glasses of wine.

Rosalino
Usci

PhD in Mechanical Engineering

He starts his career in the R&D Department of important companies in the home appliances sector. In 2006, he joins Michele and becomes partner of the Tre P Engineering. He is responsible of exploitation activities, but also an essential support for the development of the technical part of CHIMERA. He enjoys telling stories, reading biographies and spend time with family.

Jack & Mark
Renders

Owners of a broiler farm

Two brothers full of energy and dedication for their job; they are the owners of a broiler farm in the Region of Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands. Always looking for new technologies to improve their business, they enjoy Italy very much – which is a further reason to be part of CHIMERA team.

Marcello
Pennacchioli

Mechanical Engineer

With more than 20 years’ experience in earthmoving machine design, he joins Tre P in 2015 as Head of the R&D. He is the Technical Coordinator of CHIMERA. Despite his calm look, he loves rock music and enjoys playing it with his electric guitar.  

Andrea
Mengarelli

Civil Engineer

He has experience in renewable energies. Recently joins Tre P Engineering and supports Michele and Rosalino in the management of CHIMERA and other R&D projects. He is a sailing enthusiast and practices this sport off the fantastic coast of Conero.

Elisabetta
Giromini

COMMUNICATION

Graduated in International Relations in Brussels (ULB), she works on EU projects in Confindustria and follows with passion all communication activities related to CHIMERA. She loves backpacking around the world and speaking all the languages that she knows – and sometimes even the ones she does not know yet.

CHIMERA’s External Users

Advisory Board

CHIMERA is a R&D project and, as such, it has to be validated from the technological point of view while answering to market needs. The External Users Advisory Board (EUAB) is a body involving all possible stakeholders interested in the project as institutions, research centers, farmers, plant producers, etc. to better disseminate the potential of CHIMERA technology and involve them in monitoring and networking activities.

Members are constantly updated about project progress, they participate to workshops, visit the prototype and the pilot plants in Italy and the Netherlands. Their feedbacks are of uttermost importance to achieve project results and guarantee replicability. CHIMERA concept, indeed, can be transferred to other contexts of organic waste/biomass disposal.

ENEA

Alice Dall’Ara

Researcher, Technology of Materials’ Laboratory (Faenza)

ENEA

Laura Cutaia

Head of the Sustainable Production Systems Department

Sogis SRL

Susanna La Rocca

Technical director

Libera Associazione Agricoltori Cremonesi

Giuseppe Uberti

Agronomist

Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna

Giampaolo Peccolo

Associate Professor, Medical and Veterinary Sciences’ Department

Arvan Srl

Pier Luigi Graziano

President

Monaldi Aurelio Srl

Gaetano Sirocchi

Responsible for contract farming

Fileni Simar

Maurizio Riginelli

Responsible for contract farming

Università degli Studi di Milano

Valentina Orzi

Researcher, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ Department

Keep you posted!

News

Keep updated on CHIMERA project’s progress. Here you can find news, videos, pictures related to the prototype and pilot assembling, the participation of our team to events, fairs and conferences… and much more!

News Archive

In Milan with Assofertilizzanti and the Polytechnic

This morning we were at the seat of Assofertilizzanti, an association belonging to Federchimica that has, among its members, 55 fertilizers’ producers in Italy, representing the 80% of the national market. CHIMERA project generated high interest: we discussed about the EU Directive evolution but, mainly, about the business model of the companies working in this
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In Bologna to meet ENEA and the University

This morning we talked in depth about industrial symbiosis together with Eng. Laura Cutaia, Head of the Sustainable Production Systems Department of ENEA (the Italian Agency for Energy and Environment). Indeed, CHIMERA fits perfectly within this research domain. Later on, we met Dr. Alice Dall’Ara, Researcher at the Technology of Materials’ Laboratory in Faenza. We
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First EU Monitor visit

There we go! Our first EU Monitor visit. Our Monitor is Dr. Carlo Ponzio, who is in charge – as per contract with the European Commission – of directly monitoring CHIMERA project’s implementation. We talked about CHIMERA in details and there were our partners, the Renders’ brothers, together with us. The meeting went smoothly and
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Ecomondo

Today we were at Ecomondo, in Rimini, the most important fair on green and circular economy in the Euro-Mediterranean area. We have met potential suppliers but also Research Centers, like ENEA, and Associations, like Assofertilizzanti, that could be interested in our project and become part of our network. CHIMERA fits perfectly into the concept of
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In Cremona with LIBERACR

Tre P Engineering meets the Free Association of Cremona’s Farmers (LIBERACR) to discuss about CHIMERA’s value chain. The meeting was food for thought. Giuseppe Umberti, agronomist at LIBERACR, informs us that previous experiences in the field of waste to energy failed because of the dimension of the plants, too big and too expansive for small
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Kick-off meeting in Brussels

On the 13th of October, Rosalino Usci, Tre P engineering CEO and CHIMERA project leader, has been invited to Brussels to the Kick off meeting of all LIFE projects financed in 2016. Over 100 projects have been approved all around Europe. The European Commission welcomed project coordinators and congratulated them on their success. During the
Read More

For further info

Contact

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