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What is CHIMERA?

Challenge

CHIMERA reinvents the chicken manure disposal process. Chicken manure requires specific treatment procedures in order to optimize its nutritious and, at the same time, reduce its environmental impact.

Nowadays, chicken manure disposal is twofold: the waste is either bestowed to waste-to-energy plants or directly broadcasted on the ground. Costs related to storage, transport, disposal and/or broadcasting are high for the farmer.

CHIMERA solves all those issues related to waste management. A “ready and easy to use” solution, which works in small farms or farm districts for meat (broiler) and/or eggs production laying hen. The dimension of the plant is limited and can be installed within any sized farm.

CHIMERA’s ambition consists of transforming waste into a fertilizer, while producing energy. CHIMERA solution: from manure to flowers!

This project becomes true thanks to the EU financing of the LIFE programme, GA n. LIFE15 ENV/IT/000631, and the collaboration between Tre P Engineering Srl, Italian engineering company and project coordinator, and Renders&Renders V.O.F., Dutch farmer.

Atmospheric Pollution

Manure disposal yearly causes 25 million tons of GHGs emissions in the EU, which is equal to the emissions of 15, 4 Million passengers’ vehicles, or the yearly production of 19 coal-fired power plants.

SOIL AND GROUNDWATER POLLUTION

In terms of heavy metals released in the environment, manure disposal generates around 10.000 tons of copper, 700 tons of lead and 57.000 tons of zinc every year.

Smell emissions

The smell emissions of manure during transport and/or disposal affect the population living in the neighbourhood

CHIMERA decreases

Pollution

Chicken manure is a polluting agent and represents an inconvenient element within farms, because it needs to be stored with connected hygienic and smell issues. Moreover, it has to be transported to waste-to-energy plants for incineration, which transforms it into hazardous wastes, producing polluting fumes. Just a small part of it can be disposed on the soil in the EU, since it alters the environmental balance. CHIMERA eliminates these storage and transport issues, through the installation of a small plant working at continuous cycle within the farm.

CHIMERA fosters

Recycling

CHIMERA is a plant that transforms chicken manure into a fertilizer. The technological focus is on the burner, which allows a more efficient fumes’ treatment. The combustion by-product are ashes, The combustion by-product are ashes, which are indeed a fertilizer with competitive costs and performance, in comparison with the ones already on the market. The cycle is closed: from nature – manure – it goes back to nature – fertilizer - to be disposed on the fields, where crops for breeding are grown. The fertilizer could also be a new business opportunity for the farmer.

CHIMERA produces

Energy

The heat generated during the process can be used to produce thermal and electric energy, which make the farm self-sufficient. For instance, the thermal energy is needed to warm/cool the farm itself and, through a co-generator, it can be transformed into electric energy for lighting and operations running. CHIMERA is indeed a sustainable plant and produces clean energy.

From manure to fertilizer

Out of 10 kg of manure in input, we obtain 1kg of fertilizer in output thanks to CHIMERA.

ENERGY PRODUCTION

The heat produced is transformed into thermic and elctric energy that make the farm self-sufficient.

ZERO EMISSIONS

Fumes are treated efficiently, lowering down to zero GHGs emissions.

Zero smell emissions

Chimera plant eliminates all smell emissions to the benefit of citizens living in the surrounding of the plant

How does CHIMERA work?

Process

CHIMERA is a small size chicken manure disposal plant (7,5×2,5×3,5 m) working at continuous cycle. In eggs’ production sites, where manure is continuously produced, its management is immediate: manure is transferred through a conveyor belt into the combustion unit and processed. In broiler houses, instead, a small storage for manure has to be set, since the production is not continuous.

The technological innovation related to the burner allows a more efficient fumes treatment and a combination of the fumes’ organic elements together with the ashes’ inorganic ones.

At the end of the combustion, the ashes and the fumes’ by-product pass through two serial scrubbers and are transformed into sludge. Subsequently, the sludge passes through a centrifugal decanter that separates liquid – water – from solid – compost – ready for packaging. The compost is a fertilizer rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to be spread on land for corn and wheat production.

Made 10 the amount of manure generated in the farm, the amount of fertilizers produced by the plan will be equal to 1, with relevant savings in terms of volumes too.

The heat produced during the combustion process is conveyed through dedicated pipes into sheds used for breeding and, in part, transformed into electric energy to support the farm’s daily operations.

Finally yet importantly, the water obtained from manure, which is an extremely humid substance, is completely reused to hydrate ashes and break down the pollutants contained in the fumes.

The first two prototypes have been installed in the Marche region, in Italy, while the real scale pilot plan will be built in the Noord-Brabant region, in Netherlands.

Who does what?

Team

Tre P Engineering, located in Chiaravalle, Marche Region, Italy, is an engineering company providing technical services and products in the industrial/domestic appliances and renewables energy’s’ sectors and one of its core competences lays in the combustion processes. In 2010, a farmer asked them to develop a new burner for methane gas. That is how Tre P entered in contact with chicken manure disposal issues for the first time. After thoroughly analyzing the matter and creating a customized solution, the company has decided to submit a proposal answering to the LIFE program call. That is how CHIMERA started!

To validate the technology it has been necessary to concretely cooperate with a farmer that makes expertise, location and manure available, in order to build up the real scale pilot plant. After getting in touch with a Dutch broiler farm with more than 200.000 heads within 8.100 square meters – Renders&Renders – the perfect partnership has been sealed.

Michele
Marcantoni

PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineer and Ph.D., he is the author of many publications as well as winner of several grants. He has also been selected for international research experiences, including at the HMI "Hahn Meitner Institute" in Berlin, Germany , and at the "Laboratoire Léon Brillouin" of Saclay, in France. In 2002, he won the E-Capital Business Competition and founded 3P Engineering, of which he is currently Chairman of the Board of Directors and co-Managing Director with Rosalino Usci. As regards CHIMERA, Michele Marcantoni is responsible for coordinating the project, supervising all the activities.

Rosalino
Usci

PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer and Ph.D., is co-Managing Director of 3P Engineering with Michele Marcantoni since 2008, guiding the company for all the operational and strategic aspect. Before joining 3P Engineering, he worked as R&D Manager in market leading companies. Thanks to his knowledge of thermofluid dynamics applied to machine design, CFD / FEM numerical simulations and mechanical design, he is the author of several patents registered by 3P Engineering. As regards CHIMERA, Rosalino Usci is Responsible for Dissemination and EUAB (External User Advisory Board), also providing a strategic technical contribution for the development of the project.

Jack & Mark
Renders

Owners of a broiler farm

Owners of a poultry farm located in the North-Brabant, in the Netherlands, Jack and Mark Renders are two brothers and partners in the European project CHIMERA. Pioneers in experimenting new technologies to improve business management, Renders will host the pilot plant developed by 3P Engineering at their poultry farm. They will test the continuous-cycle operation of CHIMERA, with regard to the production of fertilizer that will be got from the chicken manure, as well as the thermal and electrical energy that will be produced, implementing a circular economy model.

CHIMERA’s External Users

Advisory Board

CHIMERA is a R&D project and, as such, it has to be validated from the technological point of view while answering to market needs. The External Users Advisory Board (EUAB) is a body involving all possible stakeholders interested in the project as institutions, research centers, farmers, plant producers, etc. to better disseminate the potential of CHIMERA technology and involve them in monitoring and networking activities.

Members are constantly updated about project progress, they participate to workshops, visit the prototype and the pilot plants in Italy and the Netherlands. Their feedbacks are of uttermost importance to achieve project results and guarantee replicability. CHIMERA concept, indeed, can be transferred to other contexts of organic waste/biomass disposal.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN CHIMERA, PLEASE ANSWER TO OUR SURVEY BY CLICKING HERE.
THANK YOU!

Legambiente

Chiara Braschi

PROJECT COORDINATOR

LIFE BIOAs

Flavia Forte

Eco Recycling Process Engineer

ASTRA Innovazione e Sviluppo

Nicola Minerva

Head Manager

AGRITER - Dottori Agronomi Associati

Giambattista Merigo

Agronomist

Horta

Valentina Manstretta

R&D

Agri Vivai

Stefano Lucchetti

Technical Coordinator

University of Naples Federico II

Riccardo Spaccini

Agricultural Chemistry

Pasifika Group

Franco Brambilla

Senior Advisor

Puopolo Farm

Giuseppe Melino

Farmer

UNIVERSITY OF TURIN

MASSIMO PUGLIESE

Ph.D. - ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

Unaga

Luana Spernanzoni

Journalist

UNICAM University of Camerino

Enrico Marcantoni

professor of organic chemistry

UNICAM University of Camerino

Genny Pastore

Chemistry department

UNIVPM Università Politecnica delle Marche

Stefano Lenci

Ordinary professor of Building Science

FTI

Giuseppe Lanaro

Technical manager

Ecoinnovazione

Paolo Masoni

President

ECOZERO/Biofactor

Joaquim Grácio

Managing Partner

Manifaktura

Francesco Balducci

CEO

UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO

GIORGIO PROVOLO

PROFESSORE ORDINARIO - DIPARTIMENTO DELLE SCIENZE AGRARIE E AMBIENTALI

ENEA

Alice Dall’Ara

Researcher, Technology of Materials’ Laboratory (Faenza)

Marche Region

Alberto Orso

Fonctionnaire - Environment Department

LIFE Ammonia Trapping

Cristian Pascual

Communication Manager

FOMET SPA

Matteo Casella

Plant Manager

FOMET SPA

Alberto Modena

R&D – Laboratory FometL@b

Polytechnic University of the Marche Region

Giuseppe Toscano

Associate Professor

SEA Ambiente

Sara Fabrizi

R&D

ENEA

Laura Cutaia

Head of the Sustainable Production Systems Department

Sogis SRL

Susanna La Rocca

Technical director

Libera Associazione Agricoltori Cremonesi

Giuseppe Uberti

Agronomist

Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna

Giampaolo Peccolo

Associate Professor, Medical and Veterinary Sciences’ Department

Arvan Srl

Pier Luigi Graziano

President

Monaldi Aurelio Srl

Gaetano Sirocchi

Responsible for contract farming

UNIVERSITY OF MILAN

Valentina Orzi

PhD, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ Department

Fileni Simar

Maurizio Riginelli

Responsible for contract farming

UNIVERSITY OF MILAN

GIORGIO PROVOLO

FULL PROFESSOR - AGRICOLTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT

Keep you posted!

News

Keep updated on CHIMERA project’s progress. Here you can find news, videos, pictures related to the prototype and pilot assembling, the participation of our team to events, fairs and conferences… and much more!

News Archive

SUSTAINadapt PROJECT: LIVING LAB AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The CHIMERA team participated in the regional Living Lab organized as part of the national project SUSTAINadapt, coordinated by the Department of Agriculture of the University of Sassari in collaboration with the CMCC-Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change Foundation and the Arborea Producers Cooperative. The project, funded by MITE, aims to develop innovative tools to support
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CHIMERA: “FRIEND OF THE EARTH”

CHIMERA’s Networking activities continue with the European Soil4Life project involving Italian, French and Croatian partners, with the aim of promoting sustainable land use as a strategic, limited and non-renewable resource. A purpose in line with the commitment signed by European countries at the United Nations table, through adherence to the global sustainability goals (Sustainable Development
Read More

CHIMERA: NETWORKING WITH SOIL4LIFE

CHIMERA (GA n. LIFE15 ENV / IT / 000631) and Soil4Life (LIFE GIE / IT / 000477) organized a networking presentation, aimed at comparing mutual approaches and identifying possible synergies between the two projects. The video event on 3 November 2021, allowed a comparison between the CHIMERA team and the representatives of Legambiente, CIA and
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ECOMONDO 2021

The CHIMERA team participated in Ecomondo 2021, October 26-29, 2021, a reference kermesse in Europe for the ecological transition and the new models of circular and regenerative economy. An event dedicated to the green economy, with the tenth edition of the States General of the Green Economy, with a focus on the policies and measures
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PILOT PLANT: ASSEMBLING

The assembly of the CHIMERA PILOT PLANT is proceeding, following the completion of the system design studies relating to the main components: the loading system, the combustor unit, the heat sink, the smokes treatment, the software system and remote control. The pilot plant is pre-assembled in Italy in 3P Engineering (Coordinating Beneficiary of LIFE CHIMERA
Read More

IL SOLE 24 ORE: CHIMERA AND THE DISPOSAL OF CHICKEN MANURE

The economic-financial newspaper Il Sole24Ore, absolute reference point for the sector, published an article dedicated to CHIMERA “Manure disposal: the solution in the Marche”, in which it is highlighted how the LIFE project co-financed by CINEA – European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency European Commission – can be the green answer to the problem
Read More

For further info

Contact

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